Botulinum toxin (colloquially known as Botox®) is a neurotoxin secreted by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.
Medically, it is mainly used for the treatment of neurological muscle disorders. In cosmetic medicine, botulinum toxin is the best and most commonly used drug to make wrinkles disappear. This is done by temporarily weakening the muscles.
There are several types of botulinum toxin, but only type A and B are used clinically. The protein botulinum toxin is also known under the brand name Botox® or abbreviated as “BTX” or “BoNT”. The name Botox® is a product name for botulinum toxin type A, which is manufactured by the Allergan company.
Botulinum toxin is commercially available under various product names:
Botulinum toxin is injected in tiny concentrations and inhibits the transmission of excitation from the nerve cells to the muscle, causing the muscle to stop contracting altogether, depending on the dosage.
For a muscle to contract or contract, it needs a transmission molecule called a neurotransmitter (acetylcholine), which is released by nerve endings at the junction with muscle receptors. The acetylcholine molecules, which attach to the muscle receptors, cause the contracture or shortening of the muscle cells.
When botulinum toxin is injected into the muscle, it prevents the release of acetylcholine and thus the contraction of the muscle cells.
Botulinum toxin is mainly used for the treatment and reduction of forehead and facial wrinkles. This also applies to smile lines and other fine wrinkles in the facial area.
Apart from aesthetic applications, botulinum toxin is mostly used therapeutically, especially for the treatment of migraine, excessive sweating, strabismus and bladder spasms.
Botulinum toxin is a drug approved for more than 20 medical uses:
Regardless of the problem of the area or facial region to be treated, the amount and number of injections varies from patient to patient. To put it simply, there is no standard injection and no simple cookbook recipe on how to perform such injections to achieve the desired effect. Every person, every patient is unique. The effect is different for each individual.
For this reason, an optimal result can only be achieved by an experienced specialist who takes enough time to analyze the problem and is able to adjust the right dose to the different needs of each patient.
The clinic utoquai has over 20 years of experience in the field of aesthetic and cosmetic plastic surgery, especially in the treatment and application of “fillers” and botulinum toxin.
We believe that every patient is unique and has the right to receive personalized advice, care and the best possible treatment.
The Botox® effect works within a radius of approximately 1 cm, measured from the injection site. The number of necessary injections and the location of the injection sites depend on the course of the wrinkles as well as on the strength of the respective muscle activity.
While only a few injections are needed to weaken the lateral crow’s feet, several differently placed injections are needed in the forehead area to achieve the desired effect.
Depending on the individual sensitivity to pain of the respective patient, a special anesthetic cream*) prescribed by us is applied to the facial region to be treated approx. 30-45 minutes before the actual treatment. This numbs the skin and greatly diminishes the sensation of pain.
(* The numbing cream of clinic utoquai is much stronger and more effective than the usual products on the market).
The whole procedure usually takes no more than 15 minutes.
If hyaluronic acid is injected as a filler material for the treatment of deep wrinkles, this is done before botulinum toxin is injected into the respective muscle.
For optimal results, we recommend combining botulinum toxin with fillers.
The actual effect of fillers, such as hyaluronic acid, is usually noticeable only after 10-14 days.
The actual interruption of the neurological process at the nerve endings takes place only about 24-72 hours after the injection of botulinum toxin by your treating physician.
The final effect of botulinum toxin like filler (hyaluronic acid) usually occurs only after 10-12 days and depends on the individual patient and the product.
The use of botulinum toxin is considered a minimally invasive treatment. As a result, patients can resume their normal activities immediately afterward.
Botulinum toxin must not be used in cases of known hypersensitivity to any ingredient of Botox® injection solution, during pregnancy, and in cases of known muscle weakness such as multiple sclerosis or myasthenia gravis.
Even with the most careful injections, “bruises” may occasionally occur, which are usually easily covered and disappear after a few days.
Likewise, in rare cases, there is an increased effect, which is noticeable in the forehead area with a slight lowering of the eyebrows, or a weakened effect, which requires a small follow-up correction. Very rarely, temporary headaches are also described.
The Botox® effect usually lasts three to six months.
After a few months, the muscle slowly regains its original strength. Then, slowly, the original wrinkles also come back. This will then require a new treatment. With regular treatment, a beautiful, wrinkle-free skin appearance can be maintained for several years.